PREVENTATIVE ACTION PLANNING
In our blog we’ve already written about occupational risk prevention, one of the services we offer at AYMA. Additionally, we’ve published a new website with the brand name AYMA CSR. Still don’t know who we are? The essential instruments for the management and application of a risk prevention plan, which can be carried out in programmed phases, are occupational risk evaluation and preventative action planning. The latter is what we’ll be discussing in this article. Want to join us?
What is preventative action planning?
It is a document in which you identify and plan preventative actions that must be applied to your company with the goal of eliminating, controlling and reducing risks identified in the Risk Assessment, showing an order of priorities according to their magnitude and the number of workers exposed to them.
You might not know this, but preventative action planning is an obligation for all companies and employers. This must be mandatory and must be apparent in the terms included in the risk assessment carried out in the initial phase. Although somewhat tedious, let’s look at some laws.
RD 39/97 Regulation for Prevention Services defines the execution of Preventative Action Planning, and the concept also is found in Art.16.2.b/ of Law 31/95 on Occupational Risk Prevention.
- b) If the results of the assessment provided in paragraph a) reveal hazardous conditions, the employer shall carry out the necessary preventative actions to eliminate or reduce and control such risks. Said actions shall be the subject of planning by the employer, including for each preventative action the time frame for it to be carried out, the designation of appointed authority and human resources and necessary materials for its execution.
The employer must ensure effective execution of the preventative actions included in the planning, and continually monitor them.
Preventative actions must be modified when the employer sees, as a consequence of periodic monitoring provided in paragraph a) above, their inadequacy for the purposes of the required protection.
Article 8: The need for planning
When the result of the assessment presents hazardous situations, the employer shall plan preventative actions that have the objective of eliminating or controlling and reducing said hazards, according to the order of priorities in relation to their magnitude and number of workers exposed to them. In the planning of this preventative action, the existence, if applicable, of legal provisions related to specific risks shall be taken into consideration, as well as the principles of preventative action mentioned in article 15 of the Law on Occupational Risk Prevention.
All companies must fulfill some preventative actions continually that are integrated into planning. Actions like health surveillance of workers, revision of first aid kits, emergency measures, etc. Moreover, in the planning you must include the necessary human and material means, as well as assign the necessary economic resources for the achievement of the proposed objectives.
In addition, all preventative action planning must contain two types of activities:
Training activities (Training Plan), of Health Surveillance (Specific Medical Examinations Plan), Planning for job equipment maintenance or Measurements that are necessary to carry out in the company.
Activities that allow for the improvement of specific risks and that, once solved, will reduce or eliminate the existence of risks. Specifically, those detected in the Risk Assessment process.
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