GUIDE TO SUSTAINABLE AND RESPONSIBLE MINING
Mining that is considered to be optimal can’t just stop at evaluating its economic benefits only. Nowadays, other factors must be considered in order to say that a mining project was an interdisciplinary success when it comes to the environment and extraction. These are the environmental and social aspects. Without joining and incorporating all these factors into a project, mining cannot be carried out responsibly and efficiently.
Caring for the environment
Some alterations to a landscape are inevitable where mining activity is carried out. This is why when the activity is finished, it is crucial to start a rehabilitation process. Currently, highly developed techniques are well-known by many professionals. These techniques are prescribed by law, which is why they need to be integrated into the project from the planning stages. Repopulation of vegetation and improvement of urban construction are some of the points to consider. If the land can be left better than how we found it, then that means a huge success for the landscape.
The same modification of the landscape affects the inhabitants of a geographic area. It affects their daily habits, and in some cases, economic livelihood. For this reason, it is necessary to come to a mutual understanding on political, economic, trade union and other issues. Establishing a program that compensates the inconveniencesthat mining can cause is fundamental, so that the finished job serves to improve life socially and guarantees safety for nearby communities. A company’s reputation will depend on whether or not it executes an intelligent social strategy.
Ultimately, sustainable mining seeks to help provide a useful framework for the continuation of resource exploitation for future generations. Only by being responsible with the environment can we begin to talk about the future. In this sustainable development, three factors are integrated in the planning process, and their overlapping results in what we know as sustainability: economic growth, social cohesion and environmental protection.