AYMA, SAFETY AT WORK
We continue to open new areas in the field of mining. Not in a literal sense –because after all, opening up new areas is what we do–, but with new services we offer in our mining consultancy. Although sustainability is the big objective in the sector at the moment, we also must point out other very important factors to keep in mind. One of them, which is what we are discussing today, is risk prevention in the workplace.
This area of mining takes center stage among the training and consulting services that AYMA offers. Mining involves risks. We work with explosives, heavy machinery, collapse risk, extreme conditions, etc; therefore, risk prevention training is of vital importance for a mining operator position.
That’s why at AYMA, we consider transversal consulting in risk prevention to be fundamental, as it enables both the employee and the company to perform their roles without risk when possible, or at an acceptable, and more importantly, controlled level of risk. It is not about knowing what safety is, but learning to identify potential risks, as well as how to react in those situations, what to do and why.
A pre-established organization of these elements is just as important as knowing them. It is necessary to create management guidelines of situations using tools like an organizational chart in which members know what their role is, names of coordinators, meetings and simulations, communication channels, etc. Understanding of the law with respect to workplace risk prevention is also equally necessary. We’ve attached the basic legislation at the end of the text.
AYMA, through nearly two decades of experience, has the necessary permits and skills for guaranteed adequate execution of procedures. We have successfully consulted projects across Spain, and now, as a part of TORO, we are taking our services to Latin America.
Better mining is possible. At AYMA we are moving toward that.
LAW 31/1995 ON RISK PREVENTION IN THE WORKPLACE
Article 19: Training of workers
In compliance with the obligation of protection, the employer shall ensure that each worker receives theoretical and practical training that is sufficient and adequate, in preventative matter not only at the moment of recruitment, regardless of the form of contract and its duration, but also whenever changes in the performance of his duties, or new technologies or new work equipments are introduced.
The training must be specifically focused on the job position or function of each worker, adapted to the development of risks and the appearance of new ones, and shall be repeatedly performed if needed.
The training referred to in the preceding paragraph must take place, whenever it is possible, during working hours, otherwise, in other hours deducting the time spent on training from working hours. The training shall be given by the company through its own means or contracted to external services, and its expense may not fall upon the workers in any case.
Article 31: Prevention services
Prevention services shall be able to provide the company with the advice and support it may need taking account of the existing types of risk and in regard to:
Information and training of workers, under the terms and conditions provided in Articles 18 and 19 of this Law.
If the company does not carry out preventative actions with its own resources, the duties in regard to the matters described in this section may only be taken over by an external prevention service. This shall be without prejudice to any other legal or regulatory assignment of competence to other entities or bodies in regard to the matters indicated herein.
GENERAL LAW ON BASIC MINE SAFETY REGULATIONS
ORDER ITC/1316/2008, 7 of May, approving the ITC 02.1.02 «Preventative training for performance of job position ».
Art 7: “…the company shall organize corresponding training to workers who require it, whether due to recent incorporation, or for review or updating knowledge. To do so, the company must possess adequate means, both material and human, being either internal or external”.
Art 8: “The team in charge of training must possess a series of requirements that validates them for the job they shall perform:
- Include persons accredited for the performance of functions of Superior Level PRL, (coordinator functions).
- Its members must possess academic or professional training specific to the subject of mining.
- Possess work experience in the sector of that specific activity.
Art 9: Certification of the training. Workers who have been adequately trained according to the provisions of this ITC, exceeding the levels of knowledge established by training staff, will receive documented accreditation, issued by the company if it used its own means to provide training, or by the entity contracted to do so, in the case of having used external means. This training shall be noted and certified in the professional training portfolio of each worker.
Art 10: Nature of preventative training for the performing of job position. The training regulated by this order is considered to be minimum and, in any case, in accordance with article 19 of the PRL Law, the employer shall guarantee that each worker receive sufficient and adequate theoretical and practical training in the area of prevention.